NEW YORK STATE STANDARDS OF PRACTICE FOR HOME INSPECTORS
4.2 The inspector is NOT required to inspect:
A. screening, shutters, awnings, and similar seasonal accessories.
C. geological and/or soil conditions.
D. recreational facilities.
E. outbuildings other than garages and carports.
F. seawalls, break-walls, and docks.
G. erosion control and earth stabilization measures.
5.1 The inspector shall:
1. roofing materials.
2. roof drainage systems.
4. skylights, chimneys, and roof penetrations.
1. roofing materials.
2. methods used to inspect the roofing.
5.2 The inspector is NOT required to inspect:
B. interiors of flues or chimneys that are not
C. other installed accessories.
6.1 The inspector shall:
1. interior water supply and distribution
systems including all fixtures and faucets.
2. drain, waste, and vent systems including all
3. water heating equipment and hot water
4. vent systems, flues, and chimneys.
5. fuel storage and fuel distribution systems.
6. drainage sumps, sump pumps, and related
1. water supply, drain, waste, and vent piping
2. water heating equipment including energy
3. location of main water and fuel shut-off
6.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
1. clothes washing machine connections.
2. interiors of flues or chimneys that are not
3. wells, well pumps, or water storage related
4. water conditioning systems.
5. solar water heating systems.
6. fire and lawn sprinkler systems.
7. private waste disposal systems.
1. whether water supply and waste disposal
systems are public or private.
2. water supply quantity or quality.
C. operate automatic safety controls or manual
7.1 The inspector shall:
1. service drop.
2. service entrance conductors, cables, and
3. service equipment and main disconnects.
4. service grounding.
5. interior components of service panels and
7. over current protection devices.
8. a representative number of installed lighting
fixtures, switches, and receptacles.
9. ground fault circuit interrupters.
1. amperage and voltage rating of the service.
2. location of main disconnects) and sub
3. presence of solid conductor aluminum
branch circuit wiring.
4. presence or absence of smoke detectors.
5. wiring methods.
7.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
1. remote control devices.
2. alarm systems and components.
3. low voltage wiring systems and components.
4. ancillary wiring systems and components.
not a part of the primary electrical power
B. measure amperage, voltage, or impedance.
EXTERIOR 4.2, Continued
8.1 The inspector shall:
A. open readily open able access panels.
1. installed heating equipment.
2. vent systems, flues, and chimneys.
1. energy sources).
2. heating systems.
8.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
1. interiors of flues or chimneys that are not
2. heat exchangers.
3. humidifiers or dehumidifiers.
4. electronic air filters.
5. solar space heating systems.
B. determine heat supply adequacy or
9. AIR CONDITIONING
9.1 The inspector shall:
A. open readily open able access panels.
1. central and through-wall equipment.
2. distribution systems.
1. energy sources).
2. cooling systems.
9.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
A. inspect electronic air filters.
B. determine cooling supply adequacy or
C. inspect window air conditioning units.
10.1 The inspector shall inspect:
A. walls, ceilings, and floors.
B. steps, stairways, and railings.
C. countertops and a representative number of
D. a representative number of doors and windows.
E. garage doors and garage door operators.
10.2 The inspector is NOT required to inspect:
A. paint, wallpaper, and other finish treatments.
C. window treatments.
D. central vacuum systems.
E. household appliances.
F. recreational facilities.
11. INSULATION & VENTILATION
11.1 The inspector shall:
1. insulation and vapor retarders in unfinished
2. ventilation of attics and foundation areas.
3. mechanical ventilation systems.
1. insulation and vapor retarders in unfinished
2. absence of insulation in unfinished spaces at
11.2 The inspector is NOT required to disturb insulation.
See 13.2.A.11 and 13.2.A.12.
12. FIREPLACES AND SOLID FUEL BURNING APPLIANCES
12.1 The inspectors hall:
1. system components.
2. chimney and vents.
1. fireplaces and solid fuel burning appliances.
12.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
1. interiors of flues or chimneys.
2. fire screens and doors.
3. seals and gaskets.
4. automatic fuel feed devices.
5. mantles and fireplace surrounds.
6. combustion make-up air devices.
7. heat distribution assists (gravity fed and fan
B. ignite or extinguish fires.
C. determine draft characteristics.
D. move fireplace inserts and stoves or firebox
13. GENERAL LIMITATIONS AND EXCLUSIONS
13.1 General limitations:
A. The inspector is NOT required to perform any action or make any determination not specifically
stated in these Standards of Practice.
B. Inspections performed in accordance with these
Standards of Practice:
1. are not technically exhaustive.
2. are not required to identify concealed.
conditions, latent defects, or consequential
C. These Standards of Practice are applicable to
buildings with four or fewer dwelling units and
their garages or carports.
13.2 General exclusions:
A. Inspectors are NOT required to determine:
1. conditions of systems or components that
are not readily accessible.
2. remaining life expectancy of any system or
3. strength, adequacy, effectiveness, or
efficiency of any system or component.
4. the causes of any condition or deficiency.
5. methods, materials, or costs of corrections.
6. future conditions including but not limited to
failure of systems and components.
7. the suitability of the property for any
8. compliance with regulatory requirements
(codes, regulations, laws, ordinances, etc.).
9. market value of the property or its
10. the advisability of purchase of the property.
11. the presence of potentially hazardous plants
or animals including, but not limited to,
wood destroying organisms or diseases
harmful to humans including molds or
12. the presence of any environmental hazards
including, but not limited to, toxins,
carcinogens, noise, and contaminants in
soil, water, and air.
13. the effectiveness of any system installed
or method utilized to control or remove
suspected hazardous substances.
14. operating costs of systems or components.
15. acoustical properties of any system or
16. soil conditions relating to geotechnical or
B. Inspectors are NOT required to offer:
1. or perform any act or service contrary to law.
2. or perform engineering services.
3. or perform any trade or any professional.
service other than home inspection.
4. warranties or guarantees of any kind.
C. Inspectors are NOT required to operate:
1. any system or component that is shut down
or otherwise inoperable.
2. any system or component that does not
respond to normal operating controls.
3. shut-off valves or manual stop valves.
D. Inspectors are NOT required to enter:
1. any area that will, in the opinion of the
inspector, likely be dangerous to the
inspector or other persons or damage the
property or its systems or components.
2. under-floor crawl spaces or attics that are
not readily accessible.
E. Inspectors are NOT required to inspect:
1. underground items including but not
limited to underground storage tanks or
other underground indications of their
presence, whether abandoned or active.
2. items that are not installed.
3. installed decorative items.
4. items in areas that are not entered in
accordance with 13.2.D.
5. detached structures other than garages
6. common elements or common areas in
multi-unit housing, such as condominium
properties or cooperative housing.
F. Inspectors are NOT required to:
1. perform any procedure or operation that will,
in the opinion of the inspector, likely be
dangerous to the inspector or other persons
or damage the property or its systems or
2. describe or report on any system or
component that is not included in these
Standards and was not inspected.
3. move personal property, furniture, equipment,
plants, soil, snow, ice, or debris.
4. dismantle any system or component, except
as explicitly required by these Standards of
Warning devices installed or freestanding
including but not limited to
smoke detectors, carbon monoxide
detectors, flue gas, and other spillage
detectors, and security equipment
Automatic Safety Controls
Devices designed and installed to
protect systems and components from
A part of a system
Ornamental; not required for the proper
operation of the essential systems and
components of a home
To identify (in writing) a system or
component by its type or other
To take apart or remove any component,
device, or piece of equipment that
would not be taken apart or removed by
a homeowner in the course of normal
The application of scientific knowledge
for the design, control, or use of
building structures, equipment, or
Examination and analysis by a qualified
professional, tradesman, or service
technician beyond that provided by the
The process by which an inspector
visually examines the readily accessible
systems and components of a home and
which describes those systems and
components in accordance with these
Standards of Practice
Kitchen, laundry, and similar
appliances, whether installed or
To examine any system or component
of a building in accordance with these
Standards of Practice, using normal
operating controls and opening readily
open able access panels
A person hired to examine any system
or component of a building in accordance
with these Standards of Practice
Attached such that removal requires tools
Normal Operating Controls
Devices such as thermostats, switches,
or valves intended to be operated by the
Available for visual inspection without
requiring moving of personal property,
dismantling, destructive measures, or
any action that will likely involve risk to
persons or property
Readily Open able Access Panel
A panel provided for homeowner
inspection and maintenance that is
readily accessible, within normal reach,
can be removed by one person, and is
not sealed in place
Spas, saunas, steam baths, swimming
pools, exercise, entertainment, athletic,
playground or other similar equipment,
and associated accessories
Communicate in writing
One component per room for multiple
similar interior components such as
windows, and electric receptacles; one
component on each side of the building
for multiple similar exterior components
Roof Drainage Systems
Components used to carry water off a
roof and away from a building
A state in which a system or component
cannot be operated by normal operating
Exterior wall covering and cladding;
such as: aluminum, asphalt, brick,
cement/asbestos, EIFS, stone, stucco,
veneer, vinyl, wood, etc.
Solid Fuel Burning Appliances
A hearth and fire chamber or similar
prepared place in which a fire may be
built and that is built in conjunction
with a chimney; or a listed assembly of
a fire chamber, its chimney, and related
factory-made parts designed for unit
assembly without requiring field
A component that supports non-variable
forces or weights (dead loads) and variable
forces or weights (live loads)
A combination of interacting or
interdependent components, assembled
to carry out one or more functions.
An investigation that involves
dismantling, the extensive use of
advanced techniques, measurements,
instruments, testing, calculations, or
Under-floor Crawl Space
The area within the confines of the
foundation and between the ground and
the underside of the floor
A condition in a readily accessible,
installed system or component that
is judged to be a significant risk of
bodily injury during normal,
day-to-day use; the risk may be due
to damage, deterioration, improper
installation, or a change in accepted
residential construction standards
Identification of electrical conductors or
wires by their general type, such as
non-metallic sheathed cable, armored
cable, or knob and tube, etc.
1. Inspectors shall avoid conflicts of interest or activities that compromise, or appear to compromise, professional
independence, objectivity, or inspection integrity.
A. Inspectors shall not inspect properties for compensation in which they have, or expect to have,
a financial interest.
B. Inspectors shall not inspect properties under contingent arrangements whereby any compensation
or future referrals are dependent on reported findings or on the sale of a property.
C. Inspectors shall not directly or indirectly compensate realty agents, or other parties having
a financial interest in closing or settlement of real estate transactions, for the referral of
inspections or for inclusion on a list of recommended inspectors, preferred providers, or
D. Inspectors shall not receive compensation for an inspection from more than one party unless
agreed to by the clients).
E. Inspectors shall not accept compensation, directly or indirectly, for recommending contractors,
services, or products to inspection clients or other parties having an interest in inspected
F. Inspectors shall not repair, replace, or upgrade, for compensation, systems or components
covered by ASHI Standards of Practice, for one year after the inspection.
2. Inspectors shall act in good faith toward each client and other interested parties.
A. Inspectors shall perform services and express opinions based on genuine conviction and only
within their areas of education, training, or experience.
B. Inspectors shall be objective in their reporting and not knowingly understate or overstate the
significance of reported conditions.
C. Inspectors shall not disclose inspection results or client information without client approval.
Inspectors, at their discretion, may disclose observed immediate safety hazards to occupants
exposed to such hazards, when feasible.
3. Inspectors shall avoid activities that may harm the public, discredit themselves, or reduce public confidence
in the profession.
A. Advertising, marketing, and promotion of inspectorsí services or qualifications shall not be
fraudulent, false, deceptive, or misleading.
B. Inspectors shall report substantive and willful violations of this Code to the Society.